2 edition of Differential release and impact of antibiotic-induced endotoxin found in the catalog.
Differential release and impact of antibiotic-induced endotoxin
|Statement||editor, Eugen Faist.|
|Contributions||Faist, E., Merck Sharp & Dohme.|
|LC Classifications||RC116.G677 D54 1995|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||61 p. :|
|Number of Pages||61|
|LC Control Number||94047586|
The release of vasoactive agents and the vascular effects of endotoxin are also considered. The book further tackles the febrile response to endotoxin; some major aspects and the relationship between shock and endotoxemia; as well as the effects of lipopolysaccharides (endotoxins) on the susceptibility to Edition: 1. Differential Release and Impact of Antibiotic-Induced Endotoxin edited by E. Faist Raven Press, $ hbk (61 pages) ISBN 0 2 I n the early days of antibiotic treatment, there were reports of fatal vasomotor collapse after administration of chloramphenicol in patients with typhoid fever.
Differential Antibiotic-Induced Endotoxin Release and Interleukin-6 Production by Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs): Amplification of the Response by Coincubation of HUVECs and Blood Cells Antibiotic-Induced Bacterial Killing Stimulates Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Release in Whole BloodCited by: Differential antibiotic-induced endotoxin release is demonstrable in severe melioidosis. These differences in endotoxin release did not appear to have a significant impact on survival in this group of patients Topics: Humans.
Although frequently cited in the context of the antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin, a number of important differences pertain to conditions, such as the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction and the tumor lysis syndrome, for which there is clear evidence of an initial deterioration with effective by: Book Description Offering a basis for further research into the interactions of hosts and pathogens, this work gathers up-to-date findings, and details basic structures, functions and immunology. It provides descriptions of a variety of experimental endotoxin neutralizing agents, as well as a guide to clinical research initiatives and the.
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The book presents extensive findings that various antibiotics differ significantly in their potential for endotoxin release. These differences are largely due to different modes of antibacterial activity. The relationship of antibiotic dosage to endotoxin release is also examined.
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Differential antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin from gram-negative bacteria. Abstract. Treatment of log phase cultures ofEscherichia coli with cell active antibiotics results in increased exposure of immunologically reactive lipid A epitopes of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and release of soluble LPS into culture by: Differential antibiotic-induced endotoxin release is demonstrable in severe melioidosis.
These differences in endotoxin release did not appear to have a significant impact on survival in this group of patients. Severe melioidosis is a life-threatening systemic infection caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei [ 1, 2 ].Cited by: Differential antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin from gram-negative bacteria.
Bucklin SE(1), Fujihara Y, Leeson MC, Morrison DC. Author information: (1)Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City Cited by: Cohen J, McConnell JS () Release of endotoxin from bacteria exposed to ciprofloxacin and its prevention with polymyxin B.
Eur J Clin Microbiol 5: 13–17 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 9. McConnel JS, Cohen J () Release of endotoxin from Escherichia coli by by: 3. There is clear experimental evidence that antibiotics increase the bioavailability of endotoxin from Gram-negative bacteria. In this review, data for 2 variables, level of endotoxin and level of bacteria, at the time point closest to 2 hours post-antibiotic exposure were abstracted as a change from baseline readings from each available study, to enable presentation in a graphical by: Kinetics of bacterial growth and antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin from P.
aeruginosa and E. coli incubated in synthetic M9 medium. The organisms were cultured in M9 medium in the presence or absence of antibiotics; × the MIC of CAZ ().
Antibiotic-induced release of bacterial cell wall components can have immediate adverse effects for the patient. This article reviews the data on endotoxin release after initiation of antibiotic therapy and its role in the pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock.
Antibiotics differ in their potential to liberate endotoxins from bacterial cell by: Endotoxin release from Escherichia coli after exposure to tobra-mycin: dose-dependency and reduction in cefuroxime-induced endotoxin release.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection. ; II Goscinski G., Lundholm M., Odenholt I. and J. Sjölin. Variation in the propensity to release endotoxin after cefuroxime exposureFile Size: KB.
Antibiotic-induced release of bacterial cell wall components can have immediate adverse effects for the patient. This article reviews the data on endotoxin release after initiation of antibiotic. Antibiotic-Induced Endotoxin Release from Bacteria and Its Clinical Significance Teruo Kirikae*,1, Masayasu Nakano1, and David C.
Morrison2 1 Department of Microbiology, Jichi Medical School, TochigiJapan, and 2Department of Microbiology, Molecular. Differential antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin from gram-negative bacteria. were made hypersensitive to the lethal effects of endotoxin by treatment with D-galactosamine indicated that the latter antibiotic may provide a greater level of protection.
These studies suggest that the release of endotoxin mediated by antibiotic treatment Cited by: Antibiotic-induced release of bacterial cell wall components can have immediate adverse effects for the patient. This article reviews the data on endotoxin release after initiation of antibiotic therapy and its role in the pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock.
Antibiotics differ in their potential to liberate endotoxins from bacterial cell Cited by: Cohen J, McConnell JS. Release of endotoxin from bacteria exposed to ciprofloxacin and its prevention with polymyxin B. Eur J Clin Microbiol.
Feb; 5 (1)– Crosby HA, Bion JF, Penn CW, Elliott TS. Antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin from bacteria in vitro. J Med Microbiol. Jan; 40 (1)–Cited by: In-vitro antibiotic-induced endotoxin release may depend on antibiotic class, presence of serum, type of organism, site of antibiotic action and Gram-stain.
Endotoxin release may be different in Author: Rene Holzheimer. Many bacteria produce toxins, enzymes and pigments. Toxins and enzymes play important role in pathogenecity. Toxins are of two types: Exotoxins are usually heat labile proteins secreted by certain species of bacteria which diffuse into the surrounding medium.
Endotoxins are heat stable lipopolysaccharide-protein complexes which form structural components of cell wall of Gram. DIAGN MICROBIOL INFECT DIS ; BACTERIOLOGY Effect of Antibiotics on Endotoxin Release from Gram-Negative Bacteria Robert H.K.
Eng, Sharon M. Smith, Patty Fan-Havard, and Tajudeen Ogbara Antibiotics may inhibit bacterial growth or may kill bacteria by inhibiting cell wall synthesis or protein by: Endotoxin is one of the most important bacterial components contributing to the inflammatory process.
Levels of endotoxin correlate directly with severity of meningococcal disease and other forms of sepsis, and with elaboration and release of inflammatory mediators. Endotoxin upregulates TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6, complement and coagulation pathways. Antibiotic-induced endotoxin release is well recognized in human medicine and, based on the findings reported in this paper, it appears to be a phenomenon that occurs in foals.
Endotoxin release at specific times also is influenced by antimicrobial dose, response to therapy, and the duration of by: 2. 1. Author(s): Faist,E(Eugen); International Congress on the Immune Consequences of Trauma, Shock, and Sepsis--Mechanisms and Therapeutic Approaches,(3rd: Munich, Germany) Title(s): Differential release and impact of antibiotic-induced endotoxin/ editor, Eugen Faist.Differential antibiotic-induced endotoxin release is demonstrable in severe melioidosis.
These differences in endotoxin release did not appear to have a significant impact on survival survival Subject Category: Miscellaneous see more details in this group of by: The carbapenem-induced endotoxin release was evaluated using experimental models of Gram-negative bacterial sepsis in Wistar rats.
Infections with Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris and Proteus mirabilis resulted in an increase of the plasma endotoxin concentration after treatment with ceftazidime and carbapenems including Cited by: 8.